Since its founding, Historic St. Mary’s City has acted as stewards to the historical, archaeological and architectural components that exist about, on and underneath their grounds. Because of the limited amount of historical data available, archaeology and architecture have been pivotal in helping researchers learn about the lives of the Native Americans, European colonists, and African Americans who lived and worked during the 17th, 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries. As caretakers for multiple centuries, while also interpreting the space available so that the public can learn more about it, creative efforts have been made to reduce the damage to the historical integrity of the 19th century structures.

While much of this effort has been dedicated to understanding the 17th century city, historical research, archaeological excavations and preservation efforts have been conducted in order to learn about and preserve the extant resources that tell the story of the 19th century. A number of excavations and preservation efforts have been used to ensure that this period of our history is protected and available for study, interpretation, and the enjoyment by the public and researchers. Below you will find descriptions of the various archaeological excavations and preservation efforts taken at HSMC. You will also find links to the historical documents used in this research, which we have made available for your own genealogical and historical research. The efforts to preserve our past continues today, as HSMC has recently received a grant from the Maryland Commission for African American History and Culture to convert the Duplex Slave Quarter into an interpretive exhibit.

Click the images below to read more about the various historical, archaeological and preservation projects conducted at HSMC.